Congenital heart disease is also regarded as congenital heart anomaly or a congenital heart defect. When a heart problem occurs for the reasons for the structure of the heart, then this problem is called congenital heart disease. To get rid of these congenital heart diseases, you should be careful about your heart. By knowing the symptoms of this disease, you will be able to diagnose the early signs of congenital heart disease.
According to the Wikipedia Number of death was 303,300( 2015). So, you should be careful about this disease.
Today we will cover all the facts of congenital heart disease. To be healthy, you must know the conditions, the symptoms of the disorders, the preventive ways of the diseases. So, today, we will publish all the latest research findings related to congenital heart diseases. You may ask your queries. We will try to give you the best solution immediately.
What Is Congenital Heart Disease
Congenital heart disease is one kind of heart-related problem that is the present at the time of birth. The structure of the heart is not standard in this disease.
The Reasons for Congenital Heart Disease
Some reasons are directly related to this disease and some indirectly related. The causes of congenital heart disease may be both genetic or environmental. Most of the time, there has no known reason for congenital heart disease. Some medications and illnesses in the time of developing the baby’s heart are responsible for abnormal heart development.
Maternal factors for congenital heart disease: The development of abnormal heart can occur for the following maternal problems.
- Women who need to take antiseizure medications for seizure disorders may birth a child with CHD.
- A mother who has phenylketonuria.
- Women with insulin-dependent diabetes.
Rubella Infection During Pregnancy: German measles or three-day measles are used instead of Rubella. Rubell virus causes this disease. Half of the affected people can’t realize they are affected by this virus. First of all, it starts in the face. Then it spreads all over the body. Rush, swollen lymph nodes, sore throat, and fever are the common symptoms of this disease.
If this virus infects a woman in the time of early pregnancy, their children may have congenital rubella syndrome. The problems of congenital rubella syndrome include ears such as deafness, brain, and heart.
Using the rubella vaccine, we can prevent the rubella virus.
Genetics: Genes are responsible for developing many diseases in the body of the children. If parents or siblings have congenital heart disease, the newborn child is at the risk of birth with congenital heart disease. If parents have heart problems, there has the 50/50 possibility to have CHD of their children.
Women are recommended to contact doctors before pregnancy if they have CHD or their other children have CHD.
Parents With Poor Nutritional Status: Mother who doesn’t get enough nutrition in time of pregnancy are at the risk of bearing children with congenital heart syndrome.
Mothers with Obesity: NCBI has published research whose objective was to determine whether obesity is associated with congenital heart disease or not.
They found that all obese woman whose BMI was equal to or more than 30 were more likely to have children with congenital heart disease. See the full research publication.
Excessive use of Alcohol and Tobacco: Some pregnant women are not careful in the time of pregnancy. They drink alcohol and tobacco. Research has found that women who intake smoking and drinking in the time of the pregnancy birth a child with a heart defect.
Congenital Heart Disease Symptoms
Symptoms of this disease vary from person to person. Sometimes the symptoms are none, and sometimes symptoms are life-threatening. Let’s see some congenital heart disease symptoms.
- The rhythms of the heart are abnormal.
- The shortness of the breath.
- A bluish skin after the birth of the children.
- Swelling of the body tissue
There are some mild symptoms. People can’t quickly diagnose themselves the congenital heart disease symptoms. When your heart is weak, you will see some early signs of heart disease. Be careful about these early signs of heart disease. Early diagnosis of these signs can save you from severe heart problems, including heart failure.
Whenever you face any severe heart problems, call 9-1-1.
The Diagnosis Process of Congenital Heart Process
There are many processes by which doctors can diagnose diseases. Doctors test women in the time of pregnancy or check the baby after birth.
Doctors diagnose this disease by fetal echocardiography. If a baby is born with blue color skin, doctors test to diagnose to see whether the baby has cyanotic heart disease or not.
Treatments of Congenital Heart Disease
Congenital Heart Disease is treated through surgery and medications. Medications help to eliminate water, salts. Medicines that help to strengthen the contradiction of the heart is called digoxin.
But in some particular case, surgical procedures are required to restore the circulation process of the heart.
Andreas Gruentzig is popularly known as the father of interventional cardiology. Interventional cardiology offers alternatives to surgery for some patients.
To treat congenital heart disease, the Melody Transcatheter Pulmonary Valve has been designed. This technology allows physicians to treat the patient through the patient’s blood vessels.
Some patients require under the special care of a congenital cardiologist.
Now you know what the congenital heart disease, what the risks of the congenital heart diseases. You have also seen the treatment process. Since the more risks occur in the time of pregnancy, mothers should be careful at that time.