As there has no specific treatment for this mosquito-borne viral infection, the early detection can lessen the fatality rates below 1%. Half of the world population are not at the risk of this severe dengue. So, authority bodies and people should be careful about this fetal virus.
You can realize the speed of spreading this disease from the report of the World Health Organization.
- Where the numbers of dengue cases were 2.2 million in 2010, now the numbers were 3.34 million in 2016. The numbers of cases are increasing day by day.
- Per year, 390 million this infections.
- In 128 countries, approximately 3.9 billion people are at the risk of this virus.
Transmission Of Dengue
The primary vector of the dengue is ” Aedes aegypti” mosquito. If infected female mosquitoes bite human, virus transmitted from mosquitoes to the human body.
After the transmission of the virus to the human body, humans are the leading carriers and multipliers of the virus of dengue. In this time, dengue spreads rapidly. Because uninfected mosquitoes transfer the virus from infected people to uninfected people. So, to stop or assuage the severe effects of the dengue, early detection is critical.
To detect the infected people whether they are infected with dengue virus or not, people should know the symptoms of this virus-infected people.
Symptoms of Dengue
Dengue is both symptomatic and asymptomatic. Let’s see the signs of infected people.
- 104º F/ 40ºC fever with 2 of the following symptoms:
- severe headache
- muscle and joint pains
- pain behind the eyes
When an Aedes aegypti mosquito bites, the incubation period is 4 to 10 days. After the incubation period, the symptoms last for 2 to 7 days.
The virus can lead to death because of severe bleeding, respiratory distress, plasma leaking, fluid accumulation, or organ impairment. To avoid fetal complications and the risk of death, the infected should take proper medical care.
Dengue Fever Testing
Early detection and proper medical care can assuage the risk of death and complications of this disease. Let’s see at a glance about the dengue fever testing.
- When To Get Tested: If you have a high fever with one or more other symptoms of the dengue, then you should test your blood. If you are living in an area where the outbreak of dengue is occurring and you are suffering a high fever 104º F with severe headache, severe joint and muscle pain, pain behind the eyes.
- Sample Required For Testing: Only Blood from a vein.
Treatment Process Of The Dengue
Only proper and timely care can reduce the risk of complications and death. There is no particular treatment process. Physicians and nurses try to maintain the patient’s body fluid volume, which is critical to severe dengue care.
Vaccination For This Virus
It is excellent news the people that Sanofi Pasteur has developed a vaccine named ” Dengvaxia® (CYD-TDV). The authorities of many countries have already approved this vaccine. It costs US$207.
In 2017, the manufacturer of this vaccine had suggested us to use vaccine only for those people who had a dengue infection previously.
In September 2018, the World Health Organization recommended the use of the vaccine.
People Who Can Take This Vaccine
People who are 9 to 45 years of old can take the vaccination.
Preventive action can reduce the spread of the dengue virus.
- Destroy the natural and human-made habitats.
- Clean, cover the domestic water storage containers.
- Use insecticides where needed.
- Put on long-sleeved clothes during day time( Aedes aegypti generally bites during the day).
- For controlling vector, apply insecticides as space spraying.
As it is spreading all over the rapidly, we should gather information to prevent this virus. Researchers are trying to develop improved treatment and vaccine. But at this moment, we should be careful about our surrounding. Proper environment management can destroy the inhabitants of the mosquitoes.
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