Hepatitis B is a life-threatening liver-related infection which is caused by the Hepatitis B virus( HBV). According to the report of WHO, there are more than 257 million people who were suffering from this infection. The safe and effective way of preventing this virus is Hepatitis B Vaccine.

What Is Hepatitis B?

 

It is a life-taking acute and chronic infectious disease caused by the one kind of virus named” Hepatitis B virus”( HBV). This virus affects the liver. Sometimes the symptoms of this disease are silent. This virus results in liver cirrhosis and liver cancer.

How Is Hepatitis B Spread?

 

Hepatitis B is spread in the following ways.

    1. Dental and medical treatment with unsterile medical instruments is one of the risky ways of spreading this virus. Unsafe injection practices, use of injections, syringes can transmit the virus from infected persons to uninfected persons. The use of protective equipment( masks, gloves, gowns), sharps safety, safe injection practices, sterile instruments, hand hygiene, can prevent to transmit the virus.
    2. This virus can be transmitted to a newborn baby in the case of a mother infected with Hepatitis. If doctors find a pregnant with hepatitis B virus, doctors should take special care for the pregnant woman.
    3. Hepatitis B can be transmitted if people donate blood without the test of HBV. In case of emergency of blood donation, doctors should be careful about the virus. We recommend testing blood every time you donate blood. You must know some factors before donating blood.
    4. Drug-injection equipment is another way to spread the virus. Sometimes drug-addicted people use the same syringe for pushing the drug on their body.
    5. Unsafe sexual exposure can transmit the hepatitis B virus.

 

Ways To Protect Yourself From Hepatitis B

 

You should be careful about this disease because it can result in liver cirrhosis or liver cancer. Different approaches can prevent this virus.

How to protect hepatitis B virus

1. Vaccine

The most effective and safest way to avoid this disease is the Hepatitis B vaccine. All infants should receive the hepatitis B vaccine after birth.

 

There are the following two options for vaccination.

4-Dose Schedule: The First dose( monovalent) is given at the time of birth. And the rest doses( combined) are provided with other infant vaccines.

3-Dose Schedule:

In this schedule, the first dose is given at birth. The second dose and third dose are given with doses of diphtheria, whooping cough, and tetanus.

Contact a doctor and diagnose HBV and take vaccine.

CAUTIONS: If you suffer any severe allergies after a dose of vaccine, stop vaccination.
Contact health care provider for betterment.

2. Stop Sharing Needles, Razors

Sharing needles, razors even toothbrush can spread the virus of hepatitis. So, be careful in the time of taking medical treatment or going to a salon.

Some people use unsterilized tattoo and piercing instruments. These instruments may be the means of spreading the virus.

3. Confirmation Of Safely Medical Instrument

Doctors should use new syringe and needles for every patient. Sterilize the reusable instrument. Sometimes dentists have to use some tools for all patients. So, they should sterilize the instruments.

Try to use oral medications if possible instead of injection. Oral medication is safer than injection.

4. Avoid Unprotected Sexual Exposure

Blood and semen are the main ways of spreading virus-related infections. So, be careful in the time of sexual exposure. Use the right condom correctly and consistently.

5. Mother To Child

A newborn baby can be affected by this virus if the mother bears the Hepatitis B virus. If a pregnant woman is found with this virus, doctors should take proper care for stopping the transmission for the virus from mother to children.

 

Vaccination Schedule For Adults

The amount of dose varies based on age. People age under 19, take 0.5 mL per dose, but people age 20 and older take 1.0 mL per dose.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ( CDC) has given the details about the Viral Hepatitis.

Diagnosis

 

Diagnose HBV and take timely action for betterment. If you don’t get vaccinated, you need to diagnose for checking the virus.

Liver cancer

Diagnosis is needed before the donation of blood to avoid the transmission of the virus from infected people.

The presence of HBcAg, HBeAg, HBsAg, and immunoglobulin M ( IgM) are the signs of acute and chronic infection of HBV. The presence of HBeAg is the sign of the higher level of replication of the Hepatitis virus.

The Treatment Of The Patients

 

Though chronic hepatitis B infection can be treated with some medicines, there is no specific treatment for acute hepatitis B infection.

Researchers are trying to find specific treatments for acute hepatitis B infection. This type of infection aims to maintain comfort and adequate nutritional treatment. Wrong medications can lead to severe problems.

Medicines, including oral antiviral agents, are used for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B infection. Medications improve long-term survival, reduce the incidence of liver cancer, and slow the progression of liver cirrhosis.

As the limited access to treatments and diagnosis in many countries, many people die after three to five months of diagnosis.

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