Ischemic Heart Disease | Causes Symptoms Treatments

Ischaemic or Ischemic heart disease is increasing day by day. You should know the causes, symptoms, and better treatment ways of Ischaemic heart diseases.

What is “Ischemic Heart Disease”?

Ischemic heart disease is a disease that is characterized by the reduced or diminished blood supply to the heart.

The meaning of Ischemia is “reduced blood supply”.

How the disease occurs?

In normal circumstances, the two coronary arteries(right & left) supply blood to the heart muscles. And there is no alternative blood supply from any source exists. As a result blockage in the any of the coronary arteries, there is a reduction of the supply of blood to heart muscles. Then this kind of heart disease occurs.

Ischemic Heart Disease

Causes:

Ischemic Heart Disease is thought to start with injury or damage to the inner layer of any coronary artery. The injury or damage is usually caused by a process called “Atherosclerosis”

The process by which blockage of the coronary artery occurs is called “Atherosclerosis”.

At first, the inner wall of any coronary artery becomes injured or damaged. Then fat deposition occurs. Cholesterol and many other cellular waste products cause fatty deposits (plaque). These deposits usually accumulate at the site of injury. This process is called atherosclerosis. As a result of “, Atherosclerosis” blood cannot reach the heart muscles. As a result, the pumping activity of the heart gets hampered and various diseased condition arise.

Risk factors of Ischemic Heart Disease

There are several risk factors for Ischaemic Heart Disease which include:

  • High Blood Pressure
  • Low HDL cholesterol,
  • High LDL & VLDL cholesterol
  • Family history
  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Sedentary lifestyle.
  • Overweight or obesity
  • Lack of physical activity

Usually, Ischaemic Heart Disease also depends on age and sex. Typically males are more prone to females.

Especially males over 45 years of age are more prone to this diseased condition.

Types of Ischaemic Heart Disease:

In the case of Ischaemic Heart Disease, one may associate it with only blocked blood vessels which is the best-known form of the condition. Eventually, other kinds of problems also can develop in your coronary arteries and cause different complication.

Underlying causes, signs & symptoms, tests for diagnosis and appropriate treatments usually vary for each type of Ischaemic Heart disease. The types include:

  • Obstructive Ischaemic Heart disease, with narrowed or blocked vessels
  • Non-obstructive Ischaemic Heart disease, with coronary arteries that inappropriately constrict or malfunction after branching into tiny vessels, or are squeezed by the overlying heart muscle
  • Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD).

In this type the layers of the coronary artery  split

Again postmenopausal female is more affected than others.

Symptoms Of Ischaemic Heart Diseases

Some people may not but the maximum will develop some symptoms from Ischaemic Heart Disease. And the symptoms include the followings:

  • Chest pain which also called angina in medical terms. It is a type of discomfort that actually can occur anywhere in the chest particularly in the central position and the feeling can vary person wise. Many people describe it as a  pressure, tightness or heaviness and it can sometimes be confused with indigestion or heartburn. There are mainly three possible types of angina. They are-

 

  • Stable angina: This usually occurs because of some reasons like emotional stress or physical activity. And this stops when the triggering points come to end.
  • Unstable angina: In this case, chest pain is worsening in severity or frequency. It sometimes reaches a point that pain occurs even at rest. This stage may indicate an impending heart attack and must be dealt with the upmost importance.
  • Heart attack: Heart attack is a possible and worse outcome of Ischaemic heart disease. It needs emergency medical attention. And the patient must look for medical help as soon as possible.
  • Pain radiating in the neck, arms, jaw, back and even in the fingertips.
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Fatigue
  • Sweating
  • Anxiety or unexplained nervousness
  • Dizziness or fainting
  • Weakness

You should know about Causes, Symptoms, and Preventions of Silent Heart Attack

Prevention:

There are several numbers of self-management or lifestyle changing steps that you can take to reduce or prevent the risk of developing Ischaemic Heart Disease. These include the following:

  • Eating a healthy and balanced diet.
  • Quit smoking immediately.
  • Stopping or limiting alcohol diet.
  • Undertaking  physical exercise regularly(Everyday at least 30 minutes exercise every day)
  • Maintaining a healthy blood cholesterol level.
  • Effectively treating medical comorbid conditions such as high blood pressure and diabetes.
  • Trying to reduce all the risk factors.
Eventually, education to minimize risk factors and self-awareness is vital in helping to control and prevent ischaemic heart disease.

Treatment:

As soon as you start feeling the symptoms you must give topmost importance. You must consult your doctor immediately.

There are some medical and surgical treatment options for Ischaemic Heart Disease. Some techniques are-

  1. Coronary Angioplasty and Stenting
  2. Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG)

Hey, I hope this article helped you to understand Ischaemic Heart Disease. About its causes, symptoms, prevention.

 

The incidences of Heart diseases are increasing greatly day by day. The death rate from these diseases is also increasing alarmingly. Measures should be taken from person levels to decrease the incidences.

As they say-

“Prevention is better than cure”

Lifestyle modification and healthy diet combinedly can greatly decrease the risk and occurrence of Ischaemic Heart Disease.

You get one life. Live it healthier and happier.

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