Things You Need To Know About Teenage Pregnancy
World Health Organization has published a report on 23 February 2018 and has given some alarming news about teenage pregnancy. Let’s see them first.
- Approximately 2.5 million girls under 16 years old and nearly 16 million girls aged 15 to 19 years give birth per year. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention publishes 194,377 babies were born to women whose old between 15-10 years.
- But it is a matter of joy that the teen birth rate has declined recently. Now the teen birth rate is 7% lower in 2017 than in 2016. But global teen birth is increasing day by day.
- 3.9 million girls( age 15-19) every year undertake unsafe abortion.
- Adolescents mothers suffer from Puerperal endometritis, eclampsia, systematic infections.
- As teenagers are not physically fit for the giving birth a child, they face many complications in the time of pregnancy. And this is the leading cause of death of girls aged 15 to 19.
The Causes Of Teen Pregnancy
There are many reasons for adolescent pregnancy. Some social, economic, and cultural factors are responsible for teenage pregnancy. Sometimes teen pregnancy is intentional and sometimes unintentional.
Low Socio-Economic Status
Lack of proper education and lack of a robust economic condition are the main reasons for this condition. The girls who come from these families don’t have the ambition of higher education and a successful life. They can’t think out of the box. Some girls dream of doing something big. When they think the economic condition of the family and the country, their dreams nip in the bud. Then they make friends with other teenagers and take drugs and engage in unsafe sex, which leads to teen pregnancy.
Another aspect of low socio-economic condition of the families is the lack of connection with family members. To maintain the family’s cost, parents go outside for work. So, the juveniles don’t get enough time to spend with their family members who will guide them in time of their adolescence.
Lack Of Proper Education
Lack of knowledge about safe sex, reproduction, complications of immature pregnancy, and available contraception leads them adolescent pregnancy.
Take Drugs And Alcohol
Teenagers can’t guess the consequences of taking drugs and alcohol. They sometimes engage in binge drinking. After drinking alcohol and taking drugs, they can’t control their mind and engage in unsafe sexual intercourse.
Even sometimes, they can’t recall what happened after binge drinking or experimenting with heavy drugs. When they feel they are pregnant, they don’t have any options except abortion.
Sexual Abuse And Peer Pressure
Young girls are sometimes sexually abused. A male drinking heavy alcohol and experimenting with drugs force juveniles to engage with sex. Girls try to get rid of them, but sometimes they are unable to get rid of them. WHO has said that 1 in 3 women globally experience sexual and physical violence by:
- A husband
- A boyfriend
- A lover
- An intimate partner
- A relative
- A colleague
- A stranger
- A boss.
Sometimes a male partner may force female to express “true Love” by engaging sex with them. For a deep feeling of sex, sometimes a male manipulates the females to engage in unprotected sex, which leads to teen pregnancy.
Influence Of Media
Peen pregnancy has short-term and long-term effects, which are very bad. There are some media shows which has a direct impact on teen pregnancy. Some shows give awareness of teen pregnancy, and some encourage teen pregnancy.
Sometimes media shows the habit of drinking alcohol of their fans. So, they indulge in binge drinking, which leads to unprotected sex and adolescent pregnancy.
There are some countries where early marriage is common, and sometimes early pregnancy is assumed as blessings for them.
Even the parents of some countries believe that the earlier a baby born, the earlier they will get a member of income by sending them child work. So, teen pregnancy is attractive to those societies.
In developed countries, teen marriage is less common. But in those countries, there has no strict family restriction for making the relationship with peers. So, they engage in intercourse to express genuine love to their partners. But lack of knowledge of reproduction and contraceptive methods, they face adolescent pregnancy.
The Health And Socio-Economic Consequences Of Teenage Pregnancy
Teen pregnancy is a leading cause of child and maternal mortality. This also leads to the ill-health of the newborn baby from teenagers mothers. Girls aged 15 to 19 can’t cope up with the complications in the time of pregnancy and die.
Teen mothers face some social, physical, and mental problems in the time of pregnancy and after the pregnancy. They face the following consequences.
It is one kind of condition adolescent mother face. When a mother experiences one or more seizures, they suffer from high blood pressure, which leads to many health problems. Both fetus and mother face many risks.
Systemic infections mean infections in the whole part of the body system, not a particular area. Teenagers girls who face this kind of systemic infections suffer a long run. As there are no methods which can accurately detect the systemic infections, so it can lead to death.
Endometritis is one kind of physical condition of inflammation for the reason of infection. This condition of the lining of the uterus can be treated with antibiotics.
Not only mother but also babies born to mothers face many health problems. Low birth weight, severe neonatal conditions, and preterm delivery are typical to the babies born to mothers whose age is under 20.
Reports show the harmful effects of teen pregnancy. 50% of adolescent mothers can not complete their high school diploma by 22 years of age. For the reasons of mental, physical, and economic problems, they drop out of higher education.
The responsibility of a newborn baby becomes the prime issue of the adolescent mother. Parents and peers reject an unmarried pregnant adolescent. They experience violence within marriage and a partnership.
As they can’t complete their education, they can’t take a job. Peers also feel the responsibility of bearing the child. So, the male tries to find a job rather focusing on his studies, and they get little promotion in their carrier. They have to bear a measurable life. As they face economic problems, they can’t give the proper education to their children.
The Symptoms Of Teenage Pregnancy
Teenagers mothers face the same symptoms as general mothers. There are the following symptoms of teen pregnancy.
- One or more missing menstrual period.
- Unusual fatigue
- Unusual mood swings
- Sore nipples
- Frequent urination